Naltrexone is used along with counseling and social support in the treatment of alcohol addiction and for the management of opioid addiction. Naltrexone is used to help avoid the usage of drugs and alcohol, but it will not prevent/ relieve the withdrawal symptoms that may occur after stopping the use of drugs and alcohol. It is thus used as a maintenance therapy for abstinence from alcohol or opioids during addiction withdrawal.
How it works
Naltrexone belongs to a class of medicines called opioid antagonists. Naltrexone decreases the craving for alcohol or opioid by acting on specific opioid receptors in the brain. It reduces the feeling of euphoria previously experienced after taking opioids or large amounts of alcohol.
Common side effects
Affective disorders, Tachycardia, Increased sweating/perspiration, Decreased appetite, Irritability, Rashes, Change in ecg, Chest pain, Arthralgia, Palpitations, Dizziness, Nausea, Restlessness, Ejaculation delayed, Myalgia, Increased thirst, Headache, Asthenia, Vomiting, Abdominal pain, Constipation, Diarrhea, Increased energy, Increase in lacrimation, Erectile dysfunction
- Do not consume opioid (opioid free) for a minimum of 7-10 days before starting naltrexone therapy. Your doctor may perform naloxone challenge test (a diagnosis for chronic opiate abuse) before starting the treatment with naltrexone.
- Do not consume opioid derivatives while on naltrexone treatment.
- Naltrexone is not recommended in children.
- Inform your doctor if you are taking or have recently taken any medications for diarrhea, cough, pain, or disulfiram and thioridazine.
- Do not drive or operate machine as you may feel dizzy or tired.
- Tell your doctor if you are or planning to become pregnant or are breastfeeding.
Naltrexone HCl (Revia, Naltima) is to be used in combination with professional counseling or monitoring to treat alcohol and narcotic dependence fruitfully. Avoid the consumption of alcohol and narcotic drugs while you are taking Naltrexone HCl medication. Donâ€™t attempt to overcome the effects of this medication by having large amounts of alcohol and narcotic substance. This may result in catastrophic effects and can also cause coma and death. While taking Naltrexone HCl medication, consult your doctor before taking any medication for diarrhea, cold, cough, or pain as these medications may contain narcotic substances. It may be recommended that Naltrexone HCl be given to you by someone in your family or other caretaker. The reason is to ensure that you are taking anti-addiction medicine properly as prescribed. Naltrexone HCl can lead to side effects that may affect your thinking and reflexes capacity. Be extra careful and alert if you do an activity like driving which requires a high degree of mental awareness. Try to carry an ID card or some kind of badge which displays that you are using Naltrexone HCl. This will be very important in case of an emergency. Any healthcare provider who treats you must know in advance that you are using this medication.
Naltrexone HCl Dosing Information
Naltrexone HCl dosage will be fixed by your doctor after examining you properly. Dosage depends on a range of factors like age, sex, drug allergies, or seriousness of the condition among several other factors. Stick to your doctor’s prescription strictly.
Interaction with other drugs
Naltrexone HCl medication (Revia, Naltima) can interact with other narcotic drugs greatly, especially narcotic pain killers and nullify their effect if you use them while taking Naltrexone HCl medication. Let your doctor know if you use any medications in advance, especiall : butorphanol, hydrocodone, codeine, buprenorphine; oxymorphone; propoxyphene; meperidine; naloxone; dezocine; oxycodone; methadone; nalmefene; or morphine.