Ethinylestradiol is used to treat the deficiency of female sex hormone and associated risk of bone loss and fractures in post-menopausal women. In menstruating women, it is used for the treatment of menstrual disorders. It is also used as a hormone replacement therapy to treat young women with underdeveloped ovaries (failure of ovarian development). Ethinylestradiol is even used in men for treating prostate cancer.
How it works
Ethinylestradiol belongs to a class of medications called estrogens (female hormones). It is a synthetic form of the naturally occurring hormone and helps in development and maintenance of menstrual cycle. In post-menopausal women, it works by reducing the post-menopausal symptoms and risk of weakening bones and bone fracture.
Common side effects
Changes in menstrual cycles, Irritation or swelling of the vaginal tissues, Stomach cramps, Dark skin patches, Change in appetite, Missed menstrual periods, Breast tenderness and enlargement, Bloating, Nausea and vomiting, Swelling of hands and feet, Bleeding and spotting between your periods, Hair loss, As well as weight gain
- Inform your doctor if you have had a uterus removal procedure or have any problems of the uterus (uterine fibroids, hyperplasia of the endometrium, uterus cancer).
- Tell your doctor if you have a history of blood clotting disorder, liver problems, gall bladder disorders (e.g. gall stones), high blood pressure, diabetes, hearing problems, breast cancer, heart problems, high levels of fats in blood or migraine.
- Seek immediate medical attention if you experience pain in your chest that spreads to arm or neck, unexplained migraine-type headaches, with or without disturbed vision, painful swelling in your leg, sudden chest pain and difficulty breathing.
- Ensure that you undergo regular breast screening (for presence of lumps or any abnormal changes) and cervical smear test while taking ethinylestradiol.
- Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant or are breastfeeding.
- Do not take if allergic to ethinylestradiol or any of its ingredients.
- Do not take if having recent blood clotting problems or related conditions like heart attack.
- Do not take if suffering from breast or uterus cancer.
- Do not take if suffering from untreated enlargement of inner wall of uterus (endometrial hyperplasia).
- Patients who have or had liver diseases (e.g. jaundice).
- Do not take if having any disorder related to haemoglobin (porphyria).